By: Gabriel J. Vázquez Badillo
Puerto Rico has an endemic bat! As well as indicated in a research entitled: “Integrating multiple evidences in taxonomy: species diversity and phylogeny of mustached bats”, by: Ana Carolina Pavan, a Brazilian scientist.
The International Bat Research Conference, in South Africa, confirmed that the bat Pteronotus p. Parnell is the only one of its kind in the Caribbean who lives in Puerto Rico and in the Mona Island. According to Dr. Armando Rodríguez Durán, general coordinator of the Program for Bats Conservation in Puerto Rico and Professor at the Inter American University of Puerto Rico at Bayamón, 13 species of bats that live in Puerto Rico have four vital functions: controlling pests such as the mosquito Aedes aegypti, pollinate, disperse seeds (including endemics) and be the Puerto Rican boa food.
Each species has features and proprietary life cycles. For example, the Ali-oscuro bat can live in abandoned spaces in urban areas, “el casero” on the roofs of wooden houses, “el frutero común” hanging from trees with a harem, while “el frutero” or Puerto Rico native is more reclusive. But unlike others, the “bigotudo menor”, the smallest species of Puerto Rico, lives in the most deep and warm caves, and comes out earlier than the rest to find insects to eat; the “pescador”, which is the largest in Puerto Rico, fly over bodies of water to feed mainly on fish. Its diet is varied, since it also consumes insects, crabs and scorpions.
Arguinzoni Rivera, A. (23 de octubre de 2016). Confirman que existe un murciélago puertorriqueño. El Nuevo Día.